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USModernist John Hedjuk
HejdukPrague1991.jpg

JOHN QUENTIN HEJDUK (1929-2000)

Hejduk was born in Czechoslovakia and spent much of his life in New York City.  Hejduk studied at the Cooper Union School of Art and Architecture, the University of Cincinnati, and the Harvard Graduate School of Design. He worked for several firms in New York including I. M. Pei and A. M. Kinney. He established his own practice in New York City in 1965.

Hejduk is one of the New York Five (along with architects Peter Eisenman, Richard Meier, Michael Graves, and Charles Gwathmey) whose early works are described in the book Five Architects.  He was also part of the Texas Rangers, a group of innovative architects and professors at the Universty of Texas School of Architecture, Austin, whose other participants include Colin Rowe and Werner Seligmann.

Hejduk was Professor of Architecture at Cooper Union from 1964 to 2000 and Dean the last 25 of those years. His arrival along with other influential professors (including Raimund Abraham, Ricardo Scofidio, Peter Eisenman, Charles Gwathmey, Diana Agrest, Diane Lewis, Elizabeth Diller, David Shapiro, and others) transformed the practice and critical thought of architecture at the school.

Hejduk's early work and curriculum grew from a set of exercises exploring cubes, grids, and frames for which he was awarded a Graham Foundation grant in 1967. Eventually, his modernist space-making exercises, heavily influenced by Frank Lloyd Wright and Ludwig Mies Van Der Rohe, moved towards free-hand "figure/objects" influenced by mythology and spirituality. A large portion of his work is archived at the Canadian Centre for Architecture in Montreal, Quebec.  Bio adapted from Wikipedia.

1958 - The Northern NY House.  Unsure if built.  Project for a house in northern NY state. 


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1959 - The Friedlander House (Economy Studio).  Designed for Waverly NY.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1954.


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1960 - The Economy House 1, designed for Locust Valley NY in 1960.  Built.  do you know where it is? Commissioned 1954.

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1963 - The Economy House 2, location unknown.  Unbuilt. Commissioned 1954.


 1963 - The Texas Houses.  Unbuilt.  Seven houses.  Commissioned 1954.


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1963 - The Apartment House.  Unbuilt.  An unexecuted project for an apartment house. Commissioned 1954.


1963 - The Ithaca House.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1954.


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1963 - The Piano Houses.  Unbuilt.  4 houses. Commissioned 1954.


1963 - The Row Houses.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1954.


1967 - The Diamond Houses, A, B, and C.  Unbuilt.  A & B shown above.  In 1962 Hejduk started a six-year investigation on the architectural implications of the “diamond configuration”: a forty-five-degree rotation of bounding elements relative to an orthogonal system. The exhibition of drawings and models held at The Architectural League in New York in 1967 showed the three projects.


1968 - The Bernstein House, Mamarondek, NY.  Unbuilt.  MOMA model.


1971 - The Element House.  Unbuilt.


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1974 - The Good Neighbor House.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1968.


1974 - The Wall House 1 and 3, unbuilt.  Commissioned 1968.  See Wall House 2, below.


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1974 - The Ambiguity House.  Unbuilt. Commissioned 1968.

1974 - The Extension House.  Unbuilt. Commissioned 1968.


1974 - The Gunn House.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1968.


1974 - The 1/4 House.  House variations A, B, C, and D,  all unbuilt.  Plan C shown above. Commissioned 1968.


 

1974 - The Red-Yellow Houses.  Four unbuilt houses A-D.  Houses A & B shown above. Commissioned 1968.



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1974 - The Space Shuttle House.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1968.


1976 - The Grandfather Wall House.  Unbuilt. Commissioned 1966.


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Around 1977 - The Campagna House. Unbuilt.


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1979 - The Dilemma House.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1973.


1979 - The Circular House.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1974.


1979 - The House for the Inhabitant who Refused to Participate Project, Venice Italy.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1974.


1979 - The Todre House.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1979.


1979 - The L. A. House/The City of the Angels House/The Day-Night House, Los Angeles CA.  Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1974.


 

1979 - The North East South West House. Unbuilt.  Commissioned 1974.


1982 - The House of the Painter.  Built as full scale model for the "Idea, Process, Result" Exhibition in Berlin in 1984.  Cited in NY Times 12/20/2002.  Unsure of status.


 

1982 - Studio for a Musician.  Built as full scale model for the "Idea, Process, Result" Exhibition in Berlin in 1984.  Unsure of status.


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1983 - House For a Musician.  Status unknown.


1983 - The 0 30 45 60 90 House.  Unbuilt  Commissioned 1979.


 

1987 - The Gate House, block bounded by Hedemannstrasse, Friedrichstrasse, Franz Kluhs Street, and William Street, Berlin, Germany.  The Gate House was a refurbishment project designed by John Hejduk for the 1987 IBA.


1988 - House for Two Brothers, part of the Tegel Masterplan, Berlin Germany.  John Hejduk designed the Tegel Housing as part of the 1987 IBA. Each building in the complex opens out to the harbour and lake. Being a more affluent area of Berlin, the buildings have been maintained more than some of the other projects from the IBA.


1988 - The Kreuzberg Tower and Wings, Charlottenstrasse 97-A, 10969 Berlin Germany.  14-story tower with two separate 5 story wings.  


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1988 - Kreuzberg Tower and Wings, Berlin, Germany.


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1988 - Tegel Housing, Berlin, Germany.


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1988 - aka House of the Quadruplets, aka House for two Brothers. Berlin, Tegel, Germany.


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1991 - The Gate House, Berlin, Germany.  Designed for the IBA 87.


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1998 - La Máscara de la Medusa, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


 

2001 - The 1976 Wall House 2 for A. E. Bye, project for a landscape architect for a site in Ridgefield CT.  The original 1972 commission fell through in CT but eventually was built, enlarged by 20% for a new commission at A. J. Lutulistraat 17, 9728 WT, Groningen, Netherlands, completed by architects Thomas Muller, van Raimann Architekten and Otonomo Architekten.


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2016 - aka House of the Suicide and House of the Mother of the Suicide, Prague, Czech Republic. Monument.


Sources include: Catherine Westergaard Cramer.