MINORU YAMASAKI (1912-1986)
Minoru Yamasaki was born in Seattle, studied architecture at the University of Washington, then moved the New York City, where he took graduate courses at New York University before accepting his first architecture position with the firm of Githens and Keally in 1935. Yamasaki spent the next decade in New York with various firms and in 1945 left for Detroit to become the new head of design for Smith, Hinchman, and Grylls. In 1949 he and two employees established their own firm, Leinweber, Yamasaki & Hellmuth, with offices in Detroit and St. Louis.
In 1951 the firm received the commission to design the Lambert-St. Louis Municipal Air Terminal which won the AIA First Honor Award.
During construction of the McGregor Conference Center in 1957, Yamasaki severed his partnership with Joseph Leinweber and formed Yamasaki and Associates. Other prominent creative projects followed, including the Dhahran Air Terminal in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia (1959-1961), the Pacific Science Center in Seattle, built for the 1962 Seattle World’s Fair (1960-62), and the North Shore Congregation Israel Temple in Glencoe, Illinois (1964). His Century Plaza Hotel in Los Angeles (1966), built as part of Welton Becket’s master plan for the new Century City development, is a nineteen-story 800-room hotel on a six-acre site.
In 1963, Yamasaki was at the peak of his career, with his firm’s commission for the World Trade Center in New York City (1962-1973) landed him on the cover of Time magazine. The World Trade Center’s twin towers were the tallest office buildings in the world at the time at 110 stories tall. In a career spanning three decades, Yamasaki and his Michigan-based firm designed over 250 buildings throughout the world. Yamasaki died in 1986 and his firm continued until closing in 2010.
Many of his early records were destroyed in a fire; the rest are at the University of Michigan. Author Dale Gyure, who later wrote a book on Yamazaki, helped save some of those records from being destroyed. Bio adapted from Wikipedia and Wayne State University.
1949 – House for Edelman Realty Company, co-designed with Alexander Girard. Unbuilt. Detroit Free Press, 12 June 1949, page 30.
1949 – The Daniel and Margaret Goodenough House, 234 Lothrop Road, Grosse Pointe Farms MI. Destroyed. Designed with Alexander Girard. Photo above is the replacement house.
1950 – The Louis Baker House, Greenwich, CT. Destroyed. Photo by Ezra Stoller.
1950 - The Wendell O. Pruitt Homes and William Igoe Apartments, aka Pruitt-Igoe, 18th Street and Jefferson and Franklin and Cass Streets, St. Louis MO. Designed as low-cost housing, the project was a spectacular failure, largely due to the lack of funds to maintain and staff the buildings over time. Destroyed in the 1970's. There's a documentary which tells the full story, the Pruitt-Igoe Myth.
1950 - The Mary and Paul Bartlett House, 30587 Bristol Lane, Bingham Farms MI.
1951 - The Abraham Becker House, 26720 Hendrie, Huntington Woods MI.
1951 – The Grace Robinson House, 664 Shoreham Road, Grosse Pointe Woods MI. Featured in House & Home (July 1953).
1952 - The Frank Rising House, 310 Martell Court, Bloomfield Hills MI. Steel frame. Featured in the Detroit Free Press, 11/16/1958.
1952 – The Ben Goldstein House, 85 Judy Lane, Birmingham MI. Featured in Progressive Architecture, February 1954.
1955 - The Brooks and Florence Barron House, 19631 Argyle Crescent, Palmer Woods Neighborhood, Detroit MI. Sold in 1975 to Joel and Stella Pitcoff.
1960 - The Samuel Hamburger House, 1167 Charrington Road, Bloomfield Hills MI. Needs verification.
1972 - The Minoru and Teruko Yamasaki House, 3717 Lakecrest Drive, Birmingham MI. Sold to Linda and Ronald Charfoos. Listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2013.
Year unknown - Kasle Renovation, status unknown. Needs verification.
1988 - The Michael Kojaian Renovation, status unknown. Needs verification.
1991 - The Pokely Residence, status unknown. Needs verification.
Sources include: Dale Gyure.